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  33 - Once again please look at the map.
   This is Japan. After around an era, many people came to Japan from
   North and South,I think. But we can't find any characters of writing.
   It's very interesting for me to find something about
   characters in those times.
   Now I'll tell you about the Chinese characters called Kanji in Japan.

   
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  34 - This is the iron sword with many Kanji on it.
   It was discovered in the ancient tomb in Saitama prefecture
   in Japan. It was made in 472 AD.
   Japanese in those times used Chinese characters, Kanji for writing
   Japanese names of places or persons.

   Japanese in those times used Kanji in the late Han dynasty.
   Perhaps they didn't know the Chinese characters before 200 BC.
   Chinese characters, Kanji were used more and more in all of
   this country.
     


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  35 - These characters were written on a piece of wood.
   They were written in the 7th century.
   We can see every single word here.
   We call these characters "Manyo-gana."
   This piece was discovered in Osaka in 2006.

      



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  36 - This is a letter in Gyosho written by a Manyo-poet in the year 750.
   We can guess that noble persons wrote Kaisho,Gyosho and perhaps
   Sosho at that time (late Nara era).
  



          
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  37 - In Tang dynasty (Nara and Heian era in Japan),Japanese brought
   many buddhist Scriptures from China to Japan.
   The priests wrote the buddhist Scriptures in Kaisho.
       


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  38 - This is also a Buddhist Scripture in the year 740.
   We can see Katakana beside Kanji in it.
   I myself think that Katakana was used in earlier time in Japan.
   But now I can't prove that.
   Many Japanese believe that Katakana is a part of Kaisho.
   But I myself doubt it, too.



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  39 - The noble men in Heian era, wrote their letters
   in Sosho and Gyosho.
   Please compare this letter with the letter written
   by the manyo-poet.


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  40 - Kana is the most simplified Sosho style of Kanji.
   A diary named TOSA NIKKI is very famous.
   It was written in Kana style for the first time in 934.
   In the middle of Heian era (about 1000 AD), people were able to write
   Kana characters fast and beautifully.
   We can see many poems in beautiful kana written by noble women
   in Heian era.

 
 
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  41 - An unglazed plate made in 1200 was discovered in Kyoto in 1983.
   It had Hiragana-characters on the backside.
   IROHA-UTA which has 48 characters is a traditional song written
   in the late Heian era. After that era, most of all Noble children
   used to write IROHA in Hiragana and Katakana.